Publications

Publications and other work: Douglas Hope BSc(Hons.) MA PhD DipTP FRGS MRTPI

The following works arise from my study at the University of Lancaster for an MA in Lake District Studies:

  • ‘The Yeomen of Kentmere: A study of continuity and change in landowning in a Lakeland valley from the late seventeenth century to the end of the nineteenth century’, unpublished MA dissertation, University of Lancaster (2008).
  • ‘Whatever happened to Inglewood Forest?  Landscape and settlement evolution in Inglewood Forest since Medieval times’, Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society, Vol. XI (2011), pp.149-164.

The following papers have resulted from my doctoral research for a PhD at the University of Cumbria:

  • An article entitled ‘Of Fells and Fellowship: the life and legacy of T A Leonard’ in Cumbria Magazine, Vol. 59, No. 7, October 2009 (County Publications Ltd).
  • A paper on ‘Rational and Improving Holidays: Changes and continuities in the provision of accommodation for outdoor activities in the twentieth century’ to the Leisure Studies Association conference in April 2010 at the University of Bolton, published in the conference proceedings Recording Leisure Lives: Holidays and Tourism in 20th Century Britain edited by Robert Snape & Daniel Smith (LSA Publication No.112).  
  • An article on Thomas Arthur Leonard (1864-1948), founder of the CHA and HF, published in the on-line Oxford Dictionary of National Biography in May 2013 (Reference 104775).  
  • A paper to the North-West Network Sport and Leisure History Workshop of the British Society of Sports History (BSSH) held at MMU Crewe in November 2012 entitled ‘Pen and paper quizzes, games and dances: holiday making with the Co-operative Holidays Association and Holiday Fellowship’, published in Sport and Leisure Histories by Manchester Metropolitan University in 2013.
  • A paper entitled ‘International Friendships with the Co-operative Holidays Association’ to the symposium on Sport and Leisure on the Eve of the First World War, held at MMU Crewe on 27th/28th June 2014 and hosted by MMU Sport and Leisure History Research Group in conjunction with the BSSH, published in Sport and Leisure on the Eve of the First World War, by MMU Sport and Leisure History (SpLeisH), and edited by Dave Day, in 2016.
  • Paper entitled ‘The democratisation of tourism in the English Lake District: the role of the Co-operative Holidays Association and the Holiday Fellowship’ published in the Journal of Tourism History by Taylor and Francis. See link below:

The democratisation of tourism in the English Lake District

I have also made a number of presentations on the subject of my research to various CHA and HF Rambling Clubs.  My presentation to York CHA and HF Rambling Club on the legacy of Thomas Arthur Leonard is available online by visiting the link below.

York CHA and HF Rambling Club

My book on Thomas Arthur Leonard and the Co-operative Holidays Association details the life, achievements and influence on the outdoor movement of this extraordinary man, who was appalled by the dull and grim lives of artisans and textile workers in the industrial north of England and promoted healthy recreation in the countryside as an antidote to the increasing urbanization and industrialization of Britain and as an alternative to the commercial exploitation of increasing leisure time.  As well as founding the CHA in 1893 and the Holiday Fellowship in 1913, Leonard was instrumental in the establishment of the YHA in 1930 and the formation of the Ramblers’ Association in 1935, of which he was the first President.  He was a stalwart of the campaign for national parks during the 1930s and he campaigned with Tom Stephenson for a long distance footpath along the crest of the Pennines.  He was a founder member of the Friends of the Lake District in 1934.  On his death in 1948, he was hailed as the “Founder of co-operative and communal holidays” and “Father of the open-air movement in this country”.  The book also tells the story of the CHA from its foundation in 1893 to its demise in 2004.  It describes how the CHA faced the challenges of the twentieth century.  It records the genesis, successes, failures and eventual demise of an organisation that lasted for over a century, a century of great social, political and economic upheaval, and how it continued to provide holidays for thousands of people based on healthy recreation and quiet enjoyment, and the principles of friendship and fellowship.

To read a full summary of the book and a 30-page sample extract, which includes the table of contents, please visit the following link:

Thomas Arthur Leonard and the Co-operative Holidays Association 

Thomas Arthur Leonard, founder of the Co-operative Holidays Association and Holiday Fellowship was born at 50 Tabernacle Walk, Finsbury, London on 12th March 1864. He died at his home ‘Wayside’ in Conwy, North Wales on 19th July 1948.

By common consent, the CHA originated in 1891 when T A Leonard, Minister of the Dockray Square Congregational Church in Colne, Lancashire, took 32 members of the church’s social guild on a four day’s holiday to Ambleside in the English Lake District.

T A Leonard resigned from the CHA in 1913 to form the Holiday Fellowship in a renewed effort to establish holidays that would be genuinely working-class in appeal and composition. The split with the CHA was amicable and there was no thought of competition between the two organisations.

There is a wide-ranging bibliography of books, Government reports, journal articles, theses and dissertations relevant to the study of ‘Rational’ holidays and the history of the Co-operative Holidays Association and Holiday Fellowship.